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Main / All Tourist Stamps / Azov. 1067. Meotic-Scythian settlements from I-III BC

№ 125 - Azov. 1067. Meotic-Scythian settlements from I-III BC

Wiki | Website GPS: 47° 6' 44.54"N, 39° 25' 23.94"E Nearest TS
Azov. 1067. Meotic-Scythian settlements from I-III BC Azov. 1067. Meotic-Scythian settlements from I-III BC
Azov. 1067. Meotic-Scythian settlements from I-III BC

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Azov historical, archaeological and paleontological museum
346780, Rostov region, Azov, Moskovskaya, 38/40
GPS: 47° 6' 44.54"N, 39° 25' 23.94"E

Tu-Su 10:00-18:00 + 7 (86342) 44935, 4-0371, 4-0771

Address: 346780, Rostov region, Azov Russia

The contemporary Azov is a compact, green, modern and hospitable town in which architecture of the 20th century adjoins to unique cultural and historical monuments of earlier times.

Azov has a fine landscape of magnificent delta of the Don, cosy and peaceful southern streets, warmth of antique epoch still present here. It is not without a reason that this town is often called Pearl of the Silent Don, the river, praised by the great writer Michael Sholokhov.

The mouth of the Don River has always been an important commercial center. At the start of the 3rd century BC, the Greeks from the Kingdom of Bosporus founded a colony here, which they called Tanais (after the Greek name of the river). Several centuries later, in the last third of 1st century BC, the settlement was burnt down by king Polemon I of Pontus. The introduction of Greek colonists restored its prosperity, but the Goths practically annihilated it in the 3rd century. The site of ancient Tanais, now occupied by Nedvigovka village, has been excavated since the mid-19th century.

In the 10th century, the area passed under control of the Slavic princedom of Tmutarakan. The Kypchaks, seizing the area in 1067, renamed it Azaq (i.e., lowlands), from which appellation the modern name is derived. The Golden Horde claimed most of the coast in the 13th and 14th centuries, but the Venetian and Genoese merchants were granted permission to settle on the site of modern-day Azov and founded there a colony which they called Tana (or La Tana).In 1471, the Ottoman Empire gained control of the area and built the strong fortress of Azak (Azov).

The fort blocked the Don Cossacks from raiding and trading into the Black Sea. The Cossacks had attacked Azov in 1574, 1593, 1620 and 1626. In April 1637 Don and Zaporozhian Cossacks besieged Azov (the Turks had 4000 soldiers and 200 cannon). The fort fell on 21 June and the Cossacks sent a request to the Czar for re-enforcements and support. A commission recommended against this because of the danger of war with Turkey and poor state of the fortifications. In June 1641 Hussein Deli, Pasha of Silistria invested the fort with 70-80,000 men. In September they had to withdraw because of disease and provisioning shortfalls. A second Russian commission reported that the siege had left very little of the walls. In March 1642, Sultan Ibrahim issued an ultimatum and Czar Mikhail ordered the Cossacks to evacuate. The Turks reoccupied Azov in September 1642.

The town, however, had yet to pass through many vicissitudes. During the Azov campaigns of (1696), Peter the Great, who desired naval access to the Mediterranean Sea, managed to recover the fortress. Azov achieved town status in 1708, but the disastrous Pruth Campaign constrained him to hand it back to the Turks in 1711. A humorous description of the events is featured in Voltaire's Candide. During the Great Russo-Turkish War it was taken by the army under Count Rumyantsev and finally ceded to Russia under the terms of Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji (1774).